Adult hormonal acne
Adult hormonal acne (acne vulgaris - most common type of acne) is an inflammatory skin disease, which is caused by malfunction of sebaceous gland. The reason of malfunction is an abnormal level of male hormone testosterone in puberty age of teenagers.
Hormonal acne starts to appear in 12-13 (girls) and 14-15 (boys). For the most part of teenagers acne is diminishing over time and bit by bit disappear at all into their early twenties. But some people can suffer from hormonal acne much longer, till their thirties and forties and, in some isolated cases, even longer. And there is no way to predict how long person will suffer from acne.
Some other factors that can cause hormonal acne:
- Hormonal activity, such as menstrual cycles and puberty.
- Stress, through increased output of hormones from the adrenal (stress) glands.
- Hyperactive sebaceous glands, secondary to the three hormone sources above.
- Accumulation of dead skin cells.
- Bacteria in the pores, to which the body becomes 'allergic'.
- Skin irritation or scratching of any sort will activate inflammation.
- Use of anabolic steroids.
Traditionally, attention has focused mostly on abnormal level of testosterone hormone, which is causing over-production of sebum as the main contributing factor of adult hormonal acne. More recently, attention is given to narrowing of the follicle channel as a second main contributing factor
Hormonal acne treatment
The main point of hormonal acne treatment is to smooth the malfunction of skin cells, normalize the work of sebaceous gland, and, as a result, to reduce the skin inflammation what will decrease the number of hormonal acne on the face and body.